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Problematic use of social networks, individual and school determinants in explaining students' school achievement
The school context is extremely important during adolescence, as adolescents spend a significant amount of the day in school. School achievement is a significant variable that is predicted by both individual and school determinants and which plays an important role in positive youth development, given its protective effects on the development of behavioral problems.
The aim of this study was to examine whether gender, academic buoyancy, perceived school climate and problematic use of social networks predict students' school achievement.
In the study that was conducted by SurveyMonkey online platform, a total of 3170 students (55.02% girls) with an average age of 15.10 years (SD = .38) participated. The used measures were school achievement in the previous school year, Academic Buoyancy Scale, Croatian School Climate Questionnaire and Compulsive Social Networks Use Scale.
The results of the binary logistic regression analysis showed that gender, academic buoyancy, perception of school climate and problematic use of social networks are significant predictors of excellent school success. Girls, students who report lower levels of academic buoyancy, more positive perception of the school climate, as well as those students who report lower levels of problematic use of social networks are more likely to have excellent school success.
The findings suggest a predictive contribution of individual and school determinants in explaining students’ school achievement. During the presentation, the opportunities for empowering students, with a special emphasis on the use of social networks, will be discussed. Also, the possibilities for preventative interventions will be discussed in terms of guidelines for improving school climate, coping with academic stress and the implementation of media literacy. The research was part of the establishment research project "Testing the 5C framework of positive youth development: traditional and digital mobile assessment (P.R.O.T.E.C.T.)”, UIP - 2020 - 02 - 2852" funded by the Croatian Science Foundation.
Potrebno predznanje: Participants' prior knowledge is not relevant